Ending Slavery in the United States

The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified on December 6, 1865. This amendment abolished slavery in the United States. The language of the amendment is clear: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their … Read More

Geo-Joint: The Wide World of Weird Sports

Life is filled with so much work, duty, and obligation. In the little stretches of free time we get, there are innumerable physical activities to keep us amused and exercised. No one needs to be told what sports are tops in America, and worldwide, soccer (the real football) is king. Despite the availability of these and many other mainstream sporty … Read More

Why Americans Celebrate Memorial Day

  This Monday, May 28, is Memorial Day. This day is one of ten U.S. federal holidays celebrated each year. Two of these holidays are set aside to honor people who served in the U.S. armed forces: Memorial Day and Veterans Day. However, many people confuse the purposes of the two holidays. Veterans Day is always celebrated on November 11. … Read More

Geo-Joint: The Neolithic Neighborhood of Skara Brae

The massive slabs of rock that form Stonehenge seem impossibly arranged, tons of weight seemingly placed on high by a giant’s hand. Nothing else compares with the pure volume of the stoneworks there. However, southern England wasn’t the only place big rocks were being moved around, and some of the best examples of the Neolithic cultures who created these displays … Read More

Geo-Joint: Getting the Blues to Live Long and Be Happy

They say everybody wants to go to heaven, but nobody wants to die. So while you’re not dying, where do you want to spend your time? Visions of warm, sandy beaches or mountain vistas come to mind—or maybe a dense cityscape fires your quest for art and culture. Everybody has their own concept of the perfect place to play out … Read More

The World’s Busiest Airport

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is the world’s busiest airport. In fact, it has been ranked the busiest airport in the world since 1998. It serves about 275,000 passengers each day. Daily, there are about 2,700 airplane departures and arrivals. Each month, the airport handles about 54,000 metric tons of cargo and more than 60,000 metric tons of mail. The airport … Read More

Geo-Joint: The Towering Creativity of Simon Rodia

Some people make sketches of fanciful designs—curving, wandering lines of composition, artful constructs that would be impractical to translate into the three dimensions of real-world materials. And some people have those Dr. Seuss visions and go ahead and make them real despite the difficulty. Sabato “Simon” Rodia, also known as Sam, was an Italian immigrant to Los Angeles in the … Read More

Geo-Joint: Seeking Solutions for Shrinking Lake Chad

Africa is a very big place. While much of its land is arid, it has vast areas that hold plenty of water. When you can say you are one of Africa’s largest lakes, that’s no small claim. Lake Chad was once a member of that club. Located in northern central Africa’s Sahel region where Nigeria, NIger, Cameroon, and Chad share … Read More

Geo-Joint: Jellies Roll with the Punches

Some think the best way to survive a fight, or a really bad set of circumstances, is to be tough as nails. Be strong, nimble, street-smart, quick, and very determined. In some fights, however, the best quality to possess is adaptability. We live in a changing world. Seasons change, weather changes, the climate shifts to wetter or dryer, colder or … Read More

Geo-Joint: Swimming in Salty Pools

There’s nothing like a lazy soak in a steaming hot springs. It relaxes the muscles and puts one in a blissful state. However, some prefer a more active interaction with water and choose to actually swim in a pool. Nice, flat, evenly heated water there, but yeesh, the chlorine. For habitual swimmers, it can result in dry skin and hair … Read More